The toll taken by late payment on the mental health of small business owners and staff is a national scandal, says the Building Engineering Services Association (BESA).
Construction supply chains are now in the grip of a mental health epidemic directly linked to late payment and bullying tactics.
A new survey by the Prompt Payment Directory (PPD) shows that a growing number of owners, managers and directors are suffering from panic attacks, anxiety, depression and feelings of extreme anger due to cash flow problems.
48 per cent of respondents said problems with cash flow had affected their mental health – a rise of 27 per cent on last year. Some admitted to contemplating suicide because they were struggling to get invoices paid on time or in full.
The payment rating organisation surveyed 400 senior figures in small construction businesses and found that 74 per cent had already been close to bankruptcy or liquidation this year – 30 per cent up on the same period in 2017.
The collapse of Carillion in January, carrying £3bn in debt including £800m in retentions withheld from sub-contractors, has had a major impact, but the survey revealed that late payment practices remain common right across the industry.
62 per cent of owners said they had not been able to pay themselves for lengthy periods because of late payment, 15 per cent had been forced to delay payment to their own staff, and 17 per cent had cut their own pay. Others have had to raid pension pots, sell personal assets and cancel family holidays.
“Recent high profile cases, such as Carillion, have made many more people aware of the cost of late or non-payment, but in reality this has been going on for years,” said Hugh Gage, managing director of the PPD.
BESA has said that these alarming findings should give added impetus to the ‘Aldous Bill’, which is due to receive its second reading in the House of Commons on June 15. The Bill seeks to amend current construction legislation to ensure retentions money held back from sub-contractors is protected from abuse in independent, ring-fenced deposit accounts.
“We have had numerous voluntary codes of conduct over the years, but none have changed this pernicious behaviour,” said BESA chief executive David Frise. “This is now a national scandal and the government must legislate because the human toll is mounting.
“The suicide rate in construction-related professions is already well above the national average; and the scourge of late payment is creating unbearable stress for many more small business owners and managers,” he added.
Despite, the government’s Prompt Payment Code (PPC), which calls for a maximum payment period of 45 days, and its ‘Duty to Report’ scheme that requires large companies to report on payment practices twice a year, late payment remains endemic in construction, according to Mr Frise.
A third of respondents to the PPD survey said they had been forced to accept changes to payment terms in the middle of contracts, while 17 per cent had been asked for retrospective discounts. Many said they were reluctant to complain in case they lost work, with some forced to put up with unfair payment in order to remain on tender lists.
Mr Frise added: “Carillion was a signatory to the PPC, but enforced 126-day payment terms on its suppliers and then went bust, taking their money with it. The Aldous Bill would protect retention money from upstream insolvencies, but the Government should also require the adoption of mechanisms like Project Bank Accounts that ensure fair and prompt payment, as a pre-requisite for awarding public sector projects.”
BESA is using Mental Health Awareness Week 2018 (May 14-20) to raise awareness of work-related stress in the building engineering sector. Stress is a major cause of depression, suicidal feelings, increased absenteeism and poor productivity and can lead to greater dependence on prescription drugs and alcohol.
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